Masjid Al Quba: The First Mosque Built by the Prophet PBUH

by | Last updated May 7, 2024

Have you ever heard of a mosque so special that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) helped build it with his own hands?

That mosque exists, and it’s called Masjid Al Quba. This amazing mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia, is the very first mosque in the history of Islam.

Imagine this: Over 1400 years ago, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was making a super important journey called the Hijra.

He was traveling from Mecca to Medina. On the way, he stopped in a place called Quba

Legend says that a sign from God helped him choose the perfect spot to build a new mosque. This became Masjid Al Quba (also known as Quba Mosque).

Masjid Al Quba is more than just a place of prayer for Muslims.

It’s like a history book come to life. Famous figures from Islam like Ibn Umar and Abdullah bin Dinar told stories about how special this mosque is.

To this day, it reminds us of the beginnings of Islam and the Prophet’s incredible journey.


Imporatnt Facts About Masjid Al Quba

  • First mosque that was built by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
  • Located in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
  • Holds immense religious significance.
  • White, multi-domed structure.
  • Site of pilgrimage for Muslims.
  • The reward of an accepted Umrah for two Rakah.
  • Expanded and renovated over time.
  • Features modern architecture. Open to Muslims for prayers.

The Origins of Masjid Al Quba

The Epic Journey (Hijra)

Remember the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) special journey from Makkah to Madinah? It’s called the Hijra, and it’s super important in Islamic history.

This journey marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar! Masjid Quba’s story starts right in the middle of this journey.

Building a Mosque Together

After a few days of travel, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his close companion, Abu Bakr, reached a village called Quba. This is where they decided to establish the very first mosque in Islam.

It wasn’t built just by hired workers – the Prophet (PBUH) helped carry stones himself!

Words of Wisdom (Hadith)

Islamic scholars like Ibn Umar and those who collected hadiths like Sahih al-Bukhari and Sunan Ibn Majah tell us amazing stories about this mosque.

The Prophet (PBUH) even said how special it is to pray in Masjid Al Quba.

The Holy Quran’s Guidance

Did you know the Holy Quran even mentions Masjid Al Quba? Surah Taubah refers to it as a “mosque founded on piety from the very first day”.

Allah says “Those who establish a mosque for the sake of Allah… shall, if Allah wills, enter Paradise”. Muslims believe Masjid Al Quba is exactly this kind of mosque.

Masjid Al Quba’s Beginnings

The first Masjid Quba wasn’t a fancy building. It had a simple rectangular prayer hall, mudbrick walls, central courtyardand a roof supported by palm trunks. But even this basic structure was filled with pure faith!

The Virtues of Masjid Al Quba

Masjid Al Quba isn’t just any mosque. It holds a very special place in the hearts of Muslims around the world, and there are many reasons why.

Mimbar of Masjid Al Quba

Sayings of the Prophet (Hadiths)

Remember Ibn Umar, the famous narrator of hadiths? He shared a saying (hadith) of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about Masjid Al Quba: “Whoever makes ablution at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an Umrah.” Think of it like a mini-pilgrimage!

A Haven of Worship

Even though Masjid Al Quba is famous, it’s still first and foremost a place of prayer, just like your neighborhood mosque. Muslims come here to perform their five daily prayers, find a quiet moment of reflection, and feel closer to Allah.

More than just a Friday Thing

While most mosques around the world hold extra special Friday prayers, Masjid Al Quba is a bit different. Praying at Masjid Al Quba any day of the week is said to offer great blessings.

A Special Connection

Muslims believe Masjid Al Quba has a unique link to the two holiest mosques in the world: the Great Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah. This connection makes Masjid Al Quba even more extraordinary.

Let’s take a closer look at how the design of Masjid Al Quba has evolved over time.

Architecture and Expansions

Masjid Al Quba has been a symbol of faith for centuries. It has been expanded and made even more beautiful throughout its long history. Let’s take a journey through time to see how it changed!

From Simple to Spectacular

Remember how Masjid Al Quba started as a simple structure with mudbrick walls and a palm-trunk roof? Well, it has gotten a major upgrade since then! Over the years, many Muslim rulers, like the Caliphs, left their mark on the mosque by expanding and renovating it.

Modern Marvel

Today, Masjid Al Quba is a breathtaking sight! It has a spacious central courtyard, a large prayer hall, and four towering minarets. The beautiful white marble makes it even more majestic. Imagine seeing it all lit up at night! Some sources, like Iqbal Mahmood, describe how shaded walkways and huge parasols offer comfort to worshippers outside.

A Special Prayer

It’s believed that offering two rakats (units) of prayer within Masjid Al Quba holds a special significance. Think of it as a way to spiritually connect with those early Muslims who prayed in that same spot with the Prophet (PBUH) centuries ago.

History in the Making

Over the years, expansions kept happening! Just like cities grow, so did the area around Masjid Al Quba. It was once a small village outside Madinah, but now it’s part of the “enlightened city”. Masjid Al Quba continues to welcome believers from around the world and serves as a stunning reminder of Islamic history.

Next, let’s talk about what it’s like to actually visit Masjid Al Quba!

Ride side entrance of Masjid Al Quba

Visiting Masjid Al Quba

Imagine stepping into a place where Islamic history comes alive! If you’re a Muslim, or if you just love learning about different cultures, visiting Masjid Al Quba in Medina, Saudi Arabia, could be an amazing experience. Here’s what you need to know:

Getting There

Masjid Al Quba is located a short distance away from the Prophet’s Mosque, the second of the two holy mosques in Islam. You can easily get there by taxi, bus, or even by walking.

What to Expect

  • Prayer First: The mosque’s main purpose is to provide a place for Muslims to pray. Be respectful during prayer times.
  • Dress Code: Both men and women visiting the mosque should dress modestly. Think long sleeves, covered legs, and consider a headscarf for women.
  • Peaceful Vibes: Remember, this is a holy site, so try to maintain a calm and respectful demeanor. Avoid loud chatter or taking too many selfies out of respect.

A Special Tip:

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), according to a narration by Ibn Umar, said something special about praying at Masjid Al Quba: “Whoever makes ablution at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).

Many Muslims find it deeply moving to perform two rakats (units) of prayer within this mosque founded by the Prophet himself.

Beyond the Mosque

Did you know there are other interesting spots near Masjid Al Quba? You might discover local markets, gardens, and other historical landmarks in the area.

Remember, visiting Masjid Al Quba is a unique opportunity to step back in time and experience the roots of Islamic faith, while connecting to a place mentioned in the holy Quran: “… a mosque founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it.

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Within it are men who love to purify themselves, and Allah loves those who purify themselves. So which [of these two groups] has a better foundation…?” Then it continues, “…Those who establish a mosque for the sake of Allah… shall, if Allah wills, enter Paradise.

Masjid Al Quba’s Legacy

Masjid Al Quba is more than just a beautiful building. It carries a powerful legacy that has shaped the Muslim world and continues to inspire people from all over the globe.

The Blueprint for Mosques

Masjid Al Quba may have started as a simple structure, but it became the model for mosques everywhere. Its basic elements like a prayer hall, a central courtyard, and eventually minarets, are still found in mosques across the world today.

A Symbol of Faith

The story of Masjid Al Quba is a story of dedication and devotion. It reminds us of the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) journey, the early days of Islam, and the power of a community united by faith.

Pilgrimage and Connection

While the Hajj to Makkah is the major pilgrimage in Islam, many Muslims love to visit Masjid Al Quba.

The hadith was narrated Ibn Umar, and that Quranic verse mentioning the mosque, make it a particularly special place for worship and reflection.

A Place of Peace

Imagine praying beside other Muslims from all walks of life with a shared history connected to this place. Masjid Al Quba embodies a feeling of serenity and unity, especially during the holy month of Ramadan.

Part of Something Bigger

Masjid Al Quba is a testament to the enduring power of Islamic faith and the significance of preserving such precious historical sites.


Masjid Al Quba is a truly extraordinary place. From its humble beginnings to its grand architecture today, it has witnessed centuries of Islamic history.

It reminds us of the important journey of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the very first Muslims, and how a simple masjid founded on faith can become the inspiration for countless others.

Visitors of Masjid Al Quba

Whether you’re a Muslim planning a pilgrimage or someone simply curious about history and faith, Masjid Al Quba holds a special significance.

If you ever get the chance to visit, take a moment to imagine walking in the footsteps of the Prophet (PBUH) and those early believers.

Think about those stories told by Ibn Umar and Al Tabarani or following Quranic verse about “…a mosque founded on piety from the first day.”

Remember, Masjid Al Quba exists because a community dared to dream big and build something rooted in devotion.

Maybe their story can inspire you to do something meaningful in your own community. Who knows, maybe one day people will write stories about the amazing things you helped create!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of Masjid Al Quba?

Masjid Al Quba holds immense importance in Islam as the first mosque ever built by the Prophet Muhammad himself. It is believed that offering prayers in Masjid Al Quba carries a reward equivalent to performing an Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).

Where is Masjid Al Quba located?

Masjid Al Quba is situated in the city of Medina, Saudi Arabia, a few kilometers south of the Prophet’s Mosque (Masjid an-Nabawi).

Are there specific dress code requirements for Masjid Al Quba?

Yes, Masjid Al Quba adheres to Islamic dress codes. Both men and women should dress modestly, covering shoulders and knees. Women are also required to cover their hair.

What are the visiting hours for Masjid Al Quba?

Masjid Al Quba is open to visitors 24 hours a day, except during prayer times. It’s important to be respectful of prayer times and plan your visit accordingly.

Can non-Muslims visit Masjid Al Quba?

Unfortunately, non-Muslims are not permitted to enter Masjid Al Quba. It is a sacred space specifically dedicated to Muslim worship.